Beginning your programming journey can be daunting. In some ways, it’s actually harder than learning a new language because not only are you dealing with lots of words that might not mean much to you right now, you also have to use them within the context of very abstract computer concepts. Deciding on one computer language to learn first might be a little difficult, but that’s why you’re reading this article right now! Here’s my rundown on the top five.
At the top of the list, we have Java. Originating from Sun Microsystems in 1995, this language is on the newer end considering how influential it’s been in the field so far. Java development has the advantage of portability, meaning that when you write a program, you usually just need to write one program once, and you never need to worry about writing a Windows, Mac, or Linux port. The programming paradigms and syntax of Java development are on the easier side. It’s usually not as easy to pick up as Python, which you’ll read about in just a second, but it’s pretty straightforward compared to C or C++.
Cashing in at number two, we have Python. The reason why this one isn’t at number one is that despite however powerful and simple this language might be, it’s not as widely used as Java. If you get really good at Java or C++, then you’ll likely have no trouble finding a job, but Python Development work is a little more sparse than the others. The benefits of Python are that the syntax is super straightforward, and the control flow is basically as simple as writing a to-do list for yourself.
This one almost didn’t make the list because the learning curve can be a little steep if you’ve never written code before. Still, I included it because it’s likely the most famous programming language, and you’re undoubtedly going to come across some C++ code if you hang around coder forums for very long. It’s what most people call a lower level language, meaning that you need to be more specific when you write C++ code, but you also get some control of your program that you might not normally have with languages like Java or Python.
I have to admit, I lied to you a bit with this one because in the strictest sense it’s not actually a programming language. HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, and it’s used for styling most simple webpages. If you’re serious about being a programmer, you’re going to need to learn some amount of HTML at some point in time. Don’t worry though, it’s super simple, and most of the code looks more like weird brackets than actual computer code.
I hope you found this list helpful, and good luck on your future computer endeavors!